Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
Physical therapy is used to improve a patient’s quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, and physical intervention. It is performed by physical therapist (known as physiotherapist in many countries) .
Physiotherapy can be helpful for people of all ages with a wide range of health conditions, including problems affecting the:
Bones, joints and soft tissues – such as back pain, neck pain, shoulder pain and sport injuries
Brain or nervous system – such as movement problems resulting from a stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS) or Parkinson’s disease. Heart and circulation- such as rehabilitation after a heart attack. Lungs and breathing- such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis.
Physiotherapy can improve your physical activity while helping you prevent further injuries.
In addition to clinical practice, other activities encompassed in the physical therapy profession include research, education, consultation and administration. Physical therapy services may be provided as primary care treatment or alongside, or in conjunction with other medical services.